The American Herbal Pharmacopoeia® (AHP) has released its quality control standards and therapeutic compendium for the botanical dietary supplement American Ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L.) Each AHP monograph establishes standards for assuring authenticity, purity, and quality control of the monographed botanical and represents one of the most comprehensive reviews of the botanical in the English language. Each monograph addresses the historical use of the botanical along with multiple methods of analysis for ensuring botanical authenticity that include both physical and chemical tests appropriate for individual dispensaries or small or large companies. The identification section provides detailed photographs and images with which to develop internal company identification specifications.
Accompanying the standards is the AHP Therapeutic Compendium which provides a complete and critical review of the pharmacological and safety data currently available, including information on pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, actions, medical indications, historical and modern and traditional use, structure and function claims, dosages, interactions, side effects, contraindications, toxicology, and more. All of this information can be used as part of a company’s product substantiation files in supporting structure-function statements as well as establishing the safety of their product.
According to AHP Executive Director Roy Upton: “American Ginseng is one of the most widely adulterated herbs available on the Western herb market. We have found leaf material marketed as root, exhausted marc being sold as crude root, and materials cut with 45% dicalcium phosphate. Suppliers should know if the price is too good to be true it probably is not good material. The monograph provides all the characterizations that any quality control team requires for making an authentic and quality product.”
The Therapeutic Compendium was begun several years ago by the late Professor Yingjie Chen, a noted Chinese pharmacologist and specialist in traditional Chinese medicine, to whom the monograph is dedicated.