Study claim: Antho 50 shows the highest level of absorption of any bilberry form.
Published: Talavera S, et al. Anthocyanins are efficiently absorbed from the stomach in anesthetized rats. J Nutr 2003 Dec; 133(12):4178-82.
Abstract: Absorption of purified anthocyanins (14mmol/L) as well as blackberry (14 and 750mmol/L) and bilberry (88mmol/L) anthocyanins was compared after in situ gastric administration in rats for 30 minutes. Twenty five per cent of anthocyanin monoglycosides was absorbed; absorption of cyanidin 3-rutinoside was lower. Absorption of bilberry anthocyanins varied greatly (19-37 per cent) according to the anthocyanin structure; delphinidin glycosides were the most absorbed. When a high concentration of blackberry anthocyanins (750mmol/L) was injected into the gastric lumen, the percentage of cyanidin 3-glucoside absorption was lower than after administration of a low concentration (14 mmol/L). After administration of this high concentration, blackberry anthocyanins were observed in plasma from the gastric vein and aorta, whereas neither aglycones nor metabolites were detected. Cy 3-glc appeared in bile after 20 minutes. Peonidin 3-glucoside, as well as unknown anthocyanin metabolites, were also observed in bile. Thus, this study demonstrated that anthocyanin glycosides were quickly absorbed from the stomach and rapidly excreted into bile as intact and metabolized forms.
Potential applications: Supplements.
More info: Charles Bowman & Co
Tel: + 1 616 786 4000
Study Claim: Integrating the Reducal food ingredient into yoghurt maintains the feeling of satiety and reduces overeating.
Published: Burns AA, et al. Dose-response effects of a novel fat emulsion on energy and macronutrient intakes up to 36h post-consumption. Eur J Clin Nutr 2002; 56:368-77.
Abstract: A single-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over design was used to investigate the dose-response effects of a novel fat emulsion (Reducal) on energy and macronutrient intakes. Fifty non-overweight men and women were given 200g of yoghurt containing a total of 15g fat, which varied in quantity of Reducal fat (0g, 2g, 4g and 6g) at 9 am. At 1 pm subjects were given free access to foods. Relative to the control, yoghurt, mean energy, fat, protein and carbohydrate intakes were reduced with increasing doses of Reducal fat. Energy and macronutrient intakes for the remainder of each study day and over the following day were significantly lower compared to the control group.
Potential applications: Reducal, a fat emulsion containing fractionated palm oil, fractionated oat oil and water, is targeted at many food categories including dressings, cereals, baking foods, beverages and bars.
More info: Lipid Technologies Provider AB
Tel: + 44 1455 55 9395
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