Provides Important Insight into Weight Management Benefits for CLA in Functional Dairy Products
La Grange, Ill., Oct. 15, 2007 – Tonalin® CLA (conjugated linoleic acid) in skim milk significantly reduces body fat mass (BFM) in overweight subjects, indicating that CLA can be beneficial in body weight and fat management when taken as a functional food or supplement, according a study published in the prestigious British Journal of Nutrition1. The researchers noted that subjects lost most of the fat from their trunk (torso) area of the body -- good news for consumers aiming to improve both their health and body shape.
The results showed a significant 3% reduction of BFM in the overweight group taking the milk fortified with Tonalinâ CLA. No significant fat loss was found in the obese volunteers or in either group taking the placebo. The research also found that CLA supplementation was not associated with any adverse effects or clinical changes.
“These findings are especially exciting in light of the weight management platform that has evolved in the dairy industry based on mounting scientific evidence,” said David Cai, PhD, Senior Scientist, Cognis Nutrition & Health. “Dairy products are excellent carriers for CLA, considering taste, color, texture, processing and product development issues. Formulators will find CLA to be a health-enhancing ingredient that can be added to a dairy product without adversely affecting the sensory characteristics of the product,” Dr. Cai explained.
He pointed out that CLA-fortified milk is well-tolerated as shown by the more than 99 percent of adults who completed the study. Sixty overweight (BMI £30) but otherwise healthy men and women, aged 35 – 65 years, were randomized to a daily intake of 500 ml skimmed milk fortified with 3 grams of Tonalinâ CLA, or a placebo milk, over a 12-week period.
The randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled intervention trial, was conducted by a team of Spanish researchers, led by Dr. Amalia Lafuente from the Department of Farmacología y Química Terapéutica, Universidad de Barcelona.
In interpreting their results, the authors discussed other published literature on the effects of CLA on body composition including the landmark Gaullier study, 2,3 in which 12 months’ supplementation with Tonalin® CLA resulted in greater BFM reductions - up to 9%. However, Dr. Lafuente points out: “If the Gaullier study results are extrapolated to those of our shorter study (12 weeks), they coincide with the 3% BFM reduction we observed. Our data indicate that CLA supplementation may be a useful approach to reducing fat mass, which is a prominent cardiovascular risk factor.”
The lack of effect in obese subjects may be due to a relatively short study period. The authors state that a longer study would detect the body fat changes caused by the CLA.
The new findings come on the heels of another new Tonalin® CLA study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition4 which helped explain the actual physiologic mechanism for CLA activity in reducing body fat and impact of Tonalin® CLA in reducing fat storage, the number of fat cells and size of fat cells.
Cognis’ Tonalin® CLA is derived from natural safflower oil, is stimulant-free, and is the most clinically tested CLA on the market. Research shows that Tonalin® CLA helps reduce body fat mass and offers long-term health benefits, especially for yo-yo dieters. According to a paper also recently published in the AJCN5, 15 of the 18 clinical trials included in a CLA meta-analysis used Tonalin® CLA. The research suggests that Tonalin® CLA could enhance overall health by effectively reducing body fat, and potentially preventing weight and fat regain commonly experienced by adults.
Tonalin® (www.tonalin.com) CLA is the original brand of CLA and is an exclusively licensed product of the Cognis Group. CLA is a polyunsaturated, conjugated fatty acid that is a natural part of the human diet, found primarily in meat and dairy products. Cognis produces Tonalin® CLA through a proprietary process that converts linoleic acid from safflowers into CLA, providing the highest quality of CLA available. Tonalin® CLA contains the lowest amount of non-naturally occurring isomers, a patent-protected attribute that provides food and dietary supplement manufacturers with the highest levels of ingredients known to be beneficial. Tonalin® CLA is available in several product forms—such as oil and water-dispersible powder—offering manufacturers a broad range of options for their products.
Cognis (www.cognis.com) is a worldwide supplier of innovative specialty chemicals and nutritional ingredients, with a particular focus on the areas of wellness and sustainability. The company employs about 8,000 people, and it operates production sites and service centers in 30 countries. Cognis has dedicated its activities to a high level of sustainability and delivers natural source raw materials and ingredients for food, nutrition and healthcare markets, and the cosmetics, detergents and cleaners industries. Another main focus is on products for a number of other industries, such as coatings and inks, lubricants, textiles, as well as agriculture and mining. The subsidiary Pulcra Chemicals offers specialized chemical products and process expertise to customers in the fiber, textile, and leather industries. Cognis also holds a 50-percent stake in the joint venture Cognis Oleochemicals, one of the world’s leading manufacturers of oleochemicals. Cognis is owned by private equity funds advised by Permira, GS Capital Partners, and SV Life Sciences. In 2006, Cognis recorded sales of 3.37 billion euros and an Adjusted EBITDA (operating result) of 394 million euros.
1 Laso, N., Bruque, E., Vidal, J., Ros, E., Arnaiz, JA., Carne, X., Vidal, S., Mas, S., Deulofeu, R., Lafuente, A.: Effect of milk supplementation with conjugated linoleic acid (isomers cis-9, trans-11 and trans-10, cis-12) on body composition and metabolic síndrome components. Br J Nutr 2007; Jul 11: 1-8
2 Gaullier JM, Halse J, Hoye K, Kristiansen K, Fagertun H, Vik H & Gudmundsen O (2004) Conjugated linoleic acid supplementation for 1 year reduces body fat mass in healthy overweight humans. Am J Clin Nutr 79, 1118–1125.
3 Gaullier JM, Halse J, Hoye K, Kristiansen K, Fagertun H, VikH& Gudmundsen O (2005) Supplementation with conjugated linoleic acid for 24 months is well tolerated by and reduces body fat mass in healthy, overweight humans. J Nutr 135, 778–784.
4 Close RN, Schoeller DA, Watras AC and Nora EH. AJCN. 86:797-804, 2007
5 Leah D Whigham, Abigail C Watras, Dale Schoeller. Efficacy of conjugated linoleic acid for reducing fat mass: a meta-analysis in humans. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 2007;85:1203-11