Japanese star anise fruit added to list of known adulterants

Japanese star anise fruit added to list of known adulterants

The action follows a vote by the organization's Board of Trustees at its most recent meeting to help industry confirm the identity of Illicium verum as differentiated from Illicium anisatum.

The American Herbal Products Association (AHPA) has added star anise (Illicium verum) fruit to AHPA's Guidance on Known Adulterants, part of its Botanical Authentication Program, with Japanese star anise (Illicium anisatum) fruit identified as the known adulterant, effective immediately.
 
The action follows a vote by the organization's Board of Trustees at its most recent meeting to help industry confirm the identity of Illicium verum as differentiated from Illicium anisatum.
 
Created in 1997, AHPA's Guidance on Known Adulterants identifies herbs and potential adulterants that are known to be in trade. The list identifies safety-related substitutions, such as Digitalis lanata leaf for plantain leaf (Plantago lanceolata), and safety- and economic-based substitutions, such as red dye #2 (amaranth dye) for bilberry fruit extract. The current list of articles of trade and their known adulterants is available on the AHPA website.
 
Also, as noted in the AHPA News Release of November 4 titled "FTC Settles Case Against Marketers of 'Not Authentic' Hoodia," AHPA has made available on its website since 2007 microscopic, high-performance thin-layer chromatographic (HPTLC) and high-performance liquid-chromatographic (HPLC) analytical techniques to differentiate between authentic and inauthentic hoodia.
 
Under its Botanical Authentication Program, AHPA has developed methods of ingredient identification and analysis for four botanicals, a toxic constituent, and a supplement ingredient, including: 
  • Aristolochic acid
  • Bilberry fruit extract 
  • Black cohosh (Actaea racemosa syn. Cimicifuga racemosa) root /rhizome 
  • Eleuthero (Eleutherococcus senticosus) root 
  • Hoodia gordonii stem 
  • Glycerin  
"With this latest listing of star anise, AHPA expands its 14-year leadership in the area of identifying adulterants and creating standards for ingredient authentication under the AHPA Botanical Authentication Program," said Michael McGuffin, AHPA president. "With the active participation and input from our membership and the in-depth work of three AHPA committees, we will continue to expand the knowledge base around these most important concerns for the trade." 
 

About the American Herbal Products Association

The American Herbal Products Association is the national trade association for and the voice of the herbal products industry. AHPA is comprised of domestic and foreign companies doing business as growers, processors, manufacturers, and marketers of herbs and botanical and herbal products, including foods, dietary supplements, cosmetics, and non-prescription drugs. Founded in 1982, AHPA's mission is to promote the responsible commerce of herbal products.
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