Vitamin D Supplementation Appears to Reduce the Risk of Falls Among Elderly

A meta-analysis published in JAMA suggests that Vitamin D supplementation appears to reduce the risk of falls among ambulatory or institutionalized older individuals with stable health by more than 20%.

The study examined MEDLINE and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register from January 1960 to February 2004, EMBASE from January 1991 to February 2004, clinical experts, bibliographies, and abstracts and considered only double-blind randomized, controlled trials which examined those instances where the method of fall and definition of falls were explicitly defined.

Heike A. Bischoff-Ferrari, MD, MPH; Bess Dawson-Hughes, MD; Walter C. Willett, MD, DrPH; Hannes B. Staehelin, MD; Marlet G. Bazemore, MD; Robert Y. Zee, MD; John B. Wong, MD

JAMA. 2004;291:1999-2006.

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