Why bust your butt and drain your funds trying to get into Whole Foods Market when you can launch your new natural product online? New companies no longer need to rely on the longtime kingmaker for their big break. In fact, they can bypass brick-and-mortar retail altogether—and the headaches, heartaches and wallet-bleeding that can go along with it—and create their own destinies.
The number of online launches in the natural products industry has been climbing steadily over the past two decades. But now, according to a recent New Hope Network survey of 299 manufacturers, e-commerce has become the most popular route to market among new brands. Of those that launched within the last three years, more than half did so online, compared to just 23 percent of three- to five-year-old brands. The online launch rate is even higher among dietary supplement and functional food and beverage manufacturers.
“These findings do not surprise me,” says Maryellen Molyneaux, president and managing partner at Natural Marketing Institute. “It is becoming more common to launch online, both out of opportunity and necessity because Amazon has such a large influence in the marketplace right now. While iHerb, Vitacost and many others sell healthy products online, it’s just the nature and size of Amazon that everyone thinks presents all the opportunity.”
Everyone is not wrong. NBJ estimates show internet sales growth is now double that of the total natural products industry. And in the manufacturer survey, third-party e-commerce—Amazon and the like—is the number-one growth channel. Eighty-nine percent of respondents said their sales in this channel increased over the last five years; 70 percent reported an uptick in sales via their own websites.
“The democratization of the internet, increasing populations with mobile access to the internet, and improvements in mobile-enabled purchasing systems have made internet retailing the fastest growing channel worldwide,” says Carolina Ordonez, senior consumer health analyst at Euromonitor. “This is coupled with increasing consumer interest in cheaper consumer health products online, especially vitamins and dietary supplements, which represented 65 percent—$14 billion—of global online consumer health sales in 2017.”
Why online works
With internet sales soaring, NBJ wanted to know how natural products manufacturers feel about brick-and-mortar’s future. Asked how important they think physical stores will be in the next five years, 20 percent said “not important at all,” while another 7 percent said “not very important.” Dietary supplement companies see even less value in brick-and-mortar with 41 percent considering it unimportant. But when asked about e-commerce, 84 percent of total survey respondents said it will be either “very important” or “somewhat important” in the coming five years.
Clearly, for many natural products brands, especially startups, e-commerce is working. It is often a much cheaper path to launch, offers infinite shelf and lets manufacturers sidestep the complexities of getting into stores—or at least put them off until later. “With online, the barriers of entry are much lower, whereas at retail, they are only getting higher and more complex,” says Yadim Medore, founder and CEO of Pure Branding. “For someone who understands e-commerce and digital marketing, it’s not rocket science.”
Jay Jacobowitz, founder and president of Retail Insights, agrees: “As a startup CPG, why wouldn’t I launch online instead of jumping through all the hoops to get into traditional distribution channels? Now brands can create their own buzz on Instagram, Snapchat and Twitter. For a few thousand dollars, you can go to San Francisco, hit a few yoga studios and get people talking about your product. Get some brand ambassadors, and the cost is miniscule.”
Once these efforts generate some consumer demand, then it becomes pull marketing, not push, says Jacobowitz. “When you have lots of rabid fans, suddenly UNFI has to pick up your product because Whole Foods wants it,” he says. “You’re slashing your cost probably 90 percent of what would it take you to mount an analog campaign through traditional distribution channels. I’d be surprised if any startup didn’t start that way.”
E-commerce isn’t perfect, though. “Launching online presents its own set of problems and challenges,” Molyneaux says. “To have people find you, you need very good digital marketing programs so you are seen and heard. E-commerce is an even bigger universe [than retail], and it is somewhat not highly visible or obvious.” And, of course, brands have to deal with Amazon’s fees, tricky algorithms, price slashing and propensity to knock off successful products.
Drawbacks aside, however, e-commerce delivers a lot that retail stores can’t. For one, it offers nearly unlimited reach, a key asset for brands, since so many more consumers than ever are seeking out natural products. “Eighty-three percent of consumers are interested in natural and organic at some level and by different motivations,” Molyneaux says. Many of those interested belong to the 80 million–strong millennial generation, meaning they are often glued to their smartphones. “When trying to touch a generation that’s been brought up on the internet,” says Molyneaux, “the internet is how you need to reach them.”
E-commerce also allows companies to tell their stories—about transparency, ingredients, mission and other values that consumers increasingly care about—in their own voices, without relying on a retailer to pass on the message. “There is this new generation of young leaders coming in who understand the online world and see it as an opportunity to disintermediate the trade and connect directly with consumers,” Medore says. “They have a much more sophisticated understanding of the term ‘brand’ and are building brands that have deeper meaning than those of the past. This gives them another way to connect directly to consumers.”
Obviously, some product categories will sell better online than others. With perishable foods and beverages, shoppers want to taste, smell and feel before buying, so those brands almost need some retail exposure. “If you’re an online startup, how do you convince consumers to try an unknown food?” Jacobowitz asks. Plus, with low price points, most foods are not cost-effective to ship. “It goes back to cube, weight and perishability,” Jacobowitz says. “It doesn’t really make sense to send a low-price-point bread with 20-day shelf life—shipping costs will eat up the profits. The ideal product profile is a high-dollar, low-weight vitamin, where the shipping cost is a low percentage of the selling price.”
Another reason dietary supplements are inherently well-equipped to sell well online: “Education has always been key with supplements, and in brick-and-mortar we are seeing a reduction of educated staff on the floor,” Medore says. “But even before the big growth in supplement sales online, consumers were already researching products online and then going to the store to purchase them.” Now they are continuing that research behavior but staying online to buy. And, as Molyneaux points out, “when shopping for supplements, everything you can see in person, including the back of the bottle, you can see online.”
The Whole Foods factor
All the changes brewing within Whole Foods are another force pushing brands web-ward. According to Bob Burke, founder of Natural Products Consulting, the natural retail giant had traditionally been many startups’ first port of call. “For a long time, Whole Foods categorized suppliers as local, regional and national, but now everything is going through Austin,” he says. “Before, a local company maybe started in a farmers’ market. Then when they were retail-ready, they walked into the Boulder Whole Foods store, and maybe the guy stocking shelves was the grocery buyer for that store. Even if it was tough to get into that region, you could go into a local store and possibly get set up.”
But now with Whole Foods centralizing operations, which began before the Amazon acquisition, Burke says brands are confused about how to engage with the retailer. Plus, shelf space has gotten more limited now that Whole Foods requires all direct vendors to go through UNFI. “We estimate that by implementing this new policy, 5,000 to 10,000 SKUs, many made by local folks, are suddenly out,” Jacobowitz says. “UNFI also is a real-world analog operation, and their 18 warehouses can’t magically produce 5,000 new slots.”
Shelf space is also more expensive now. “Whole Foods is charging vendors, almost indiscriminately, an extra 3 percent,” Jacobowitz says. “These costs are being pushed down through UNFI and back to the vendor. With this getting much more expensive for brands, who will survive? The deep-pocket CPGs.”
So, while Whole Foods’ moves may help the company improve execution, a perpetual complaint about its regional structure, they don’t bode well for small manufacturers and startups. “This was a 180-degree turnabout for a brand that touted having its finger on the pulse with 12 local regions, regional managers and individual store managers having the autonomy to respond to customers,” Jacobowitz says.
With everything e-commerce can provide natural products brands, both old and new, is brick-and-mortar doomed? Hardly. “There is always going to be a role for retail,” Burke says. “There are just so many other opportunities today to get products to consumers.” Online, it just so happens, is a pretty fantastic one.
Also, while there has been a definite increase in digitally native brands with no plans of landing on store shelves—mainly dietary supplement, functional food and personal care manufacturers—lots of online startups still go into retail as well. Some launch in both channels concurrently while others pick up brick-and-mortar accounts after getting their feet wet and gaining traction online.
“There are plenty of dietary supplement brands building their own online tribes via social media and selling through their own websites,” Ordonez says. “For many, a natural second step is to make their products available via online retailers. Then in some cases, a third step is [brick-and-mortar] retailers, driven by consumer demand, approaching supplement companies directly in an attempt to offer new products in their stores.”
That’s why brands today typically develop both an e-commerce and a retail strategy, says Bill Weiland, founder, president and CEO of Presence Marketing/Dynamic Presence. “Even if they don’t have both right away, they’ll eventually have a two-pronged approach,” he says. “Distributors eat into margin, sales agents eat into margin, so going forward I think there will be companies that have tens of millions in sales before they show up in stores—and it may not begin with the classic retailers like Whole Foods or Kroger.”
With so much upheaval at Whole Foods, independent retailers look even more inviting. “Independents have always been good places for brands to launch,” Burke says. “And until things become more clarified with Whole Foods, independents may be easier to navigate, especially for new companies. Plus, in-store education is where independents really shine.”
Whatever types of retail outlets prove the best fits for natural products in the future, Weiland insists brick-and-mortar will remain a lucrative channel. “I believe there will be a higher percentage of all goods sold online versus at retail, probably for most categories, within the next 10 years,” he says. “However, people underestimate the need for socialization, getting up and about and shopping in an actual store, so there always will be a cap on what online sales will be. To people who say brick-and-mortar is going away? You guys are high.”
This content is republished from the Nutrition Business Journal’s Sales Channel Report, a 158-page analysis of omnichannel dynamics for executives, investors, product developers and marketing teams. For information about purchasing subscriptions, market reports and data charts at end-of-the-year discounts, go to www.nutritionbusinessjournal.com or contact NBJ Business Development Manager Cindy Van Schouwen at [email protected], (303) 998-9305.