The bigger we are, the bigger our micronutrient deficiency, according to a new study published in the Journal of the American College of Nutrition (JACN). Specifically, the higher the body mass index (BMI), the greater the nutrient shortfalls. With more than 67 percent of Americans overweight or obese, according to the CDC, that’s a lot of missing vitamins and minerals.
The study, sponsored by supplement manufacturer Pharmavite, used data about 18,000 Americans from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2001-2008.
“Insufficiency of micronutrient intake is a global nutrition issue,” Dr. Victor Fulgoni, senior vice president, Nutrition Impact, and corresponding study author, told Parade magazine. “The NHANES data shows that a high percent of the population have problems meeting recommended nutrient intake for vitamins A, C, D and E, magnesium and calcium.”
Compared to normal weight adults, obese adults had about five to 12 percent lower intakes of micronutrients and higher prevalence of nutrient inadequacy. Read the full study, “Comparison of Prevalence of Inadequate Nutrient Intake Based on Body Weight Status of Adults in the US: An Analysis of NHANES 2001-2008.”
Last year, research published in Nutrition Journal that reviewed existing studies about vitamin D and obesity concluded that the vitamin may in fact play a role in the condition.