ChromaDex Corp. (OTCQB: CDXC), an innovative natural products company that provides proprietary ingredients and science-based solutions to the dietary supplement, food and beverage, animal health, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries, announced it has entered into a material transfer agreement (MTA) with the Groningen Biomolecular Sciences & Biotechnology Institute (GBB), a leading research institute at the University of Groningen in the Netherlands. ChromaDex will provide GBB with quantities of its proprietary NIAGEN™ nicotinamide riboside (NR) ingredient.
NIAGEN™ is the first and only commercially available form of NR, a naturally occurring vitamin B3 derivative. NR is naturally found in the whey fraction of milk and beer, and it is a potent precursor to NAD+ in the cell. NAD+ is essential to healthy cell metabolism.
Dr. Michael Jaehme, a researcher at the GBB, will investigate the uptake of NR into cells and how it is converted in the biologically active nucleotides NMN and NAD+. In addition to co-crystallization experiments to study the molecular basis of NR protein interactions, he aims to determine binding constants to quantify the efficiency of cellular NR utilization. Examining these interactions at the molecular level can yield valuable insight into how NR exerts its biological effects.
Dr. Jaehme commented, "Transport as the first step of NR utilization is poorly understood in humans, as well as in bacteria. A pathogenic microorganism that is dependent on the uptake of NR to acquire NAD+ is Haemophilus influenzae. Although mammalian NR transport systems have not been identified, uptake systems homologous to the bacterial ones are not present. That shows the potential of prokaryotc NR uptake and utilization pathways as drug targets. We are glad to have the possibility to investigate these mechanisms with the help of ChromaDex."
"The health benefits of nicotinamide riboside are supported by a large body of scientific evidence," said Frank Jaksch Jr., founder and CEO of ChromaDex. "Specifically, NR is a potent precursor to NAD+, an essential element of all living cells that is vital for the health of mitochondria, the energy powerhouses of the cell. In fact, a recently published study by Dr. David Sinclair of Harvard Medical School affirmed the role of NAD+ boosters in supporting healthy aging. This partnership with GBB is the latest in a number of important collaborations with leading research institutes to advance scientific understanding of NR and its mechanism of action."
NAD+ is an essential element of all living cells that plays a key role in cellular metabolism and energy production. NAD+ is vital for the health of mitochondria, the powerhouses of the cell that convert sugars, fats and proteins into energy for use by the body. As organisms age, levels of NAD+ drop, which leads to a decrease in mitochondrial health; this in turn leads to age-related health concerns. Low NAD+ levels limit the activity of a group of enzymes called sirtuins that are believed to play a key role in longevity. NAD+ levels can also be depleted by lifestyle choices such as overeating and lack of exercise. By boosting NAD+ levels, NR can increase mitochondrial health and induce the creation of new mitochondria, thus supporting cell performance, endurance, metabolism, neuroprotection, healthy aging and cardiovascular health.
NIAGEN™ has the potential to become part of the portfolio of B-vitamin ingredients that are included in products serving multi-billion dollar markets such as multi-vitamins, nutraceuticals, weight-loss, energy drinks, sports nutrition, meal replacements, infant formula, food and beverage products. Over the past two years, ChromaDex has built a significant patent portfolio pertaining to NR by separately acquiring patent rights from Cornell University, Dartmouth College and Washington University.