Fish oil supplements significantly helped people with lupus in a small study.
Lupus, a chronic autoimmune disease, affects 1.5 million Americans and at least 5 million people worldwide, according to the Lupus Foundation of America. Mostly women contract the disease.
The new, six-month, randomized, placebo-controlled study involved 50 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Researchers analyzed their health at the beginning of the trial and after six months of treatments using the RAND Short Form-36 (RAND SF-36), Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS), SLE Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI), and Physician Global Assessment (PGA).
The patients’ conditions measured by the PGA improved significantly in the fish oil group compared with the placebo group. The fish oil group took supplements containing 2.25g EPA and 2.25g DHA. These are significant doses. Energy/fatigue and emotional well-being scores also showed improvement trends, according to a post about the research on MDmagazine.com.
“Although the study evaluated a small group of patients, there were positive indications in the treatment group for quality of life, fatigue, disease activity, and inflammation biomarkers,” wrote the study’s authors. The research was published in Nutrition Journal.
Previous research has suggested that vitamin D may also benefit lupus patients. That study was published in Arthritis Research and Therapy.