Study claim: Super CitriMax combined with ChromeMate and Gymnema sylvestre extract may cause weight loss, increased fat burning, lowered cholesterol, increased HDL and decreased body mass index; it may also increase serum serotonin levels and lower serum leptin levels.
Published: Preuss, HG et al. Efficacy of a novel, natural extract of (?)-hydroxycitric acid (HCA-SX) and a combination of HCA-SX, niacin-bound chromium and Gymnema sylvestre extract in weight management in human volunteers: A pilot study. Nutrition Research 2004;24(1):45-58.
Abstract: The pilot study involved 30 obese volunteers divided into three groups. The first received Super CitriMax at 2,800mg HCA per day. The second took a combination of Super CitriMax plus niacin-bound chromium as ChromeMate (400mcg chromium) and Gymnema sylvestre extract (400mg providing 100mg gymnemic acids). The third group received a placebo. The supplements were given daily in three doses 30?60 minutes before meals. All groups ate a diet of 2,000 calories per day and had a 30-minute supervised walk five days a week.
After eight weeks, the first group lost 6.2 per cent of body weight and reduced BMI by 6.3 per cent. The second group lost 7.8 per cent of body weight and a 7.9 per cent of BMI. Placebo shed 1.6 per cent of body weight and 1.7 per cent of BMI. Total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglycerides decreased 6.3, 12.3 and 8.6 per cent, respectively, in the first group; 9.1, 17. 9 and 18.1 per cent, respectively, in the second group; and 0.8, 0.8 and 0.0 per cent, respectively, in the placebo group.
Potential Applications: Super CitriMax is a patent-pending form of (?)hydroxycitric acid bound to calcium and potassium. It is a 100 per cent soluble, tasteless, odourless powder ideal for functional beverages.
More info: InterHealth Nutraceuticals Inc
Tel: + 1 510 885 1952
Study claim: Encapsulated 400IU vitamin E is poorly absorbed when consumed with a lowfat meal. Bioavailability can be enhanced by food fortification with vitamin E.
Published: Leonard SW, et al. Vitamin E bioavailability from fortified breakfast cereal is greater than that from encapsulated supplements. Am J Clin Nutr 2004;79:86-92.
Abstract: Vitamin E bioavailability was evaluated using deuterium-labelled all-rac-alpha-tocopherol in three four-day trials two weeks apart. Five fasting subjects sequentially consumed the following with fat-free milk: 400IU vitamin E capsule; 41g Total wheat cereal containing 30IU vitamin E; and 45g cereal containing 400IU vitamin E. The mean vitamin E bioavailabilities of the 30IU cereal and the 400IU cereal were 6 +/-2 and 26 +/- 8 times, respectively, the bioavailability of the 400IU capsule.
General Mills funded the study and provided the cereal. Cognis provided the vitamin E.
Potential Applications: These findings support the ability of fortified foods, like cereal, to act as a vitamin E carrier.
More info: MG Traber, Linus Pauling Institute, 571 Weniger Hall, Oregon State
University, Corvallis, OR 97331
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