Kids with higher levels of vitamin D may have a lower risk of developing cardiovascular disease later in life, according to new research.
Scientists studied data from 1961 children, ages one to five years, collected as part of The Applied Research Group for Kids (TARGet KIDS), a Canadian longitudinal study that seeks to link early life exposures to health problems including obesity and micronutrient deficiencies to later issues.
The study subjects consumed vitamin D-fortified milk, and 56 percent of them also regularly took a vitamin D supplement. The researchers determined the kids’ D levels by measuring their serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations. They found that the higher the kids’ D levels, the lower their cholesterol levels.
"The clinical significance of elevated serum non-HDL cholesterol in early childhood is currently under study, but existing evidence suggests that non-HDL-cholesterol levels are associated with later cardiovascular disease," Dr. Catherine Birken, of Toronto’s Hospital for Sick Children, told Medscape.com. The research was published in the journal PLoS One.
The study adds the growing trove of research about the importance of vitamin D. Research published in 2015 found that people who have low levels of vitamin D are more likely to have diabetes, regardless of how much they weigh. The study was published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.