Natural Foods Merchandiser
Supplements terms to know

Supplements terms to know

A family of nutrients with the ability to bind with- and render harmless oxidants or free radicals that cause cell damage, disease and aging. Some antioxidants include vitamins A, C and E; the minerals zinc and selenium; plus glutathione and cysteine and plant-based antioxidants such as anthocyanidins. - From Naturals Highs by Hyla Cass, MD and Patrick Holford (Penguin Group, 2002)

Chelated Minerals
Minerals combined with various amino acids and/or oligopeptides. It is believed by some that chelated minerals are better absorbed than non-chelated minerals. There may be certain minerals, like trivalent chromium and zinc, where better absorption may be the case. However, in most cases chelated and non-chelated minerals are absorbed with equivalent efficiency. – From The Physician's Desk Reference for Herbal Medicines (Medical Economics Company, 1998)

Dietary Reference Intake
DRI is a system of nutrition recommendations from the Institute of Medicine of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences.

A special aqueous based coating that offers a delivery system ensuring higher levels of vitamin absorption – From

Supplemental enzymes are used as digestive aids in different circumstances. Some enzymes are said to have some anti-inflammatory activity. - From PDR.

A plant or plant part valued for its medicinal, savory or aromatic qualities.From

A system of medical practice that treats a disease by the administration of minute doses of a remedy that would in healthy people produce symptoms similar to those of the disease. –From PDR

Naturally occurring elements that are absorbed by plants and become part of our food supply. More than one-third of all enzymes require a mineral as cofactor for their activity. - From Natural Therapeutics Pocket Guide (Lexi-Comp Inc, 2000)

Nondigestable food ingredients that may benefit a person by selectively stimulating the growth and/or activity of a limited number of bacteria in the colon. - From PDR

A preparation containing live bacteria (like lactobacilli) that is taken orally to restore beneficial bacteria to the body. From

Food or supplements that are uncooked and unprocessed.

Recommended Daily Allowance
RDA is the estimated amount of a nutrient (or calories) per day considered necessary for the maintenance of good health by the Food and Nutrition Board of the National Research Council/ National Academy of Sciences.

According to the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994, a dietary supplement is a product that contains substances like vitamins, minerals, foods, botanicals or amino acids and is intended to supplement the usual intake of these substances. Dietary supplements are found in pill, tablet, capsule, powder or liquid form and are meant to be taken by mouth.

Time-release products are released gradually over the course of a day. That means a person's bloodstream always has a consistent amount of active ingredients - without having to take multiple pills per day. - From

There are two kinds of vitamins – water-soluble and fat-soluble. Water-soluble vitamins are excreted by the body and must be replenished daily. They're typically absorbed into the bloodstream for delivery to cells. The B vitamins and vitamin C are water-soluble. Fat-soluble vitamins are stored in the fatty tissue in the body (primarily the liver). They are absorbed into the lymphatic system and travel in the blood with the aid of protein carriers. Because they're stored in the body, toxic levels can develop. Vitamins A, D, E and K are fat-soluble. - From Natural Therapeutics Pocket Guide

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