International Society of Sport Nutrition: Comment on Mitchell Report

(Colorado Springs, CO). The International Society of Sport Nutrition (ISSN) - the only academic non-profit organization dedicated to the science and application of sports nutrition – has issued the following statement in response to the release of George Mitchell's report to the Commissioner of Major League Baseball on the illegal use of performance enhancing drugs by major league baseball players:

“The ISSN ardently opposes any use of anabolic steroids or other illegal substances for ergogenic purposes. The recent controversy serves to highlight the critical need in athletics for enhanced emphasis on education from sports nutrition professionals regarding the central role of nutrition in effectively making ample physical gains and achieving optimal athletic performance naturally. The ISSN continues to be committed to providing these valuable informational and practical tools to professionals and laypeople interested in maximizing the results of their training by only safe, healthy, and natural means.” Jeffrey R. Stout, PhD, FISSN – President of ISSN

According to Doug Kalman, PhD, RD, Co-Founder of ISSN. "It is without doubt from the Ancient Paidotribes to today's advanced Sports Nutritionist that the ethical and almost mandatory use of nutrient timing coupled with strategic eating will always be a mainstay in advancing the recovery and performance of the athlete. We all know that depending upon when carbohydrates and protein is ingested as related to a training session that recovery can be very much jeopardized - thus with the very different macronutrient, hydration and vitamin/mineral needs of athletes as compared to the sedentary populace, the judicious use of nutritional strategies to enhance performance is the norm. However, the use of illegal drugs for performance enhancement does not have a place in any sports nutrition program and the ISSN serves as a resource for all interested in applied sports nutrition and the athlete".

“Athletes should focus on optimizing performance through scientifically-based proper training, diet, nutrient timing, and dietary supplementation – not use of illegal performance enhancing drugs” says Richard B. Kreider, PhD, FISSN who serves as Professor and Chair of the Department of Health, Human Performance, and Recreation at BaylorUniversity and Editor-In-Chief of the Journal of the International Society of Sport Nutrition. “There is simply no place for non-medically prescribed drug use among competitive athletics. Use of nutritional strategies and/or dietary supplements that research has shown can safely optimize performance, recovery, and/or training adaptations serve as effective alternatives to anabolic steroid and growth hormone abuse. Athletes, parents, and coaches should consult with educated sport nutritionist’s and performance enhancement specialists so that they can implement safe and effective methods of optimizing training and performance. It appears that much of the improper guidance to athletes described in the report stemmed from unqualified individuals providing inaccurate and/or misleading information to athletes. Finally, use of nutritional strategies to optimize training and/or performance should be encouraged and not mischaracterized as unethical or confused with illegal use of performance-enhancing drugs.

"The ISSN is the only academic non-profit organization dedicated to the science and application of sports nutrition. Through our journal, which has grown tremendously in the last year alone, we provide a resource that scientists, coaches, trainers, and nutritionists can use to garner the latest and best scientific information on sports nutrition and supplementation. In fact, some have referred to the ISSN as the resource in sports nutrition! Our goal ultimately, is to demonstrate that strategic use of supplements and the utilization of proper and scientifically based nutritional strategies are quite effective in enhancing the gains in performance or body composition in conjunction with a periodized training program" according to Jose Antonio, Ph.D., Co-Founder of ISSN.

Those seeking additional information about the role of training and nutrition in enhancing performance of athletes should see the ISSN’s website ( and the JISSN website ( Additionally, the ISSN recommends seeing the National Strength & Conditioning Association’s (NSCA) website ( ISSN Co-Founder and NSCA Vice President and Board Member Jose Antonio, Ph.D. explains that, "The ISSN and NSCA websites provide resources about proper training and nutrition to enhance training and performance of athletes naturally.“

For additional information, the ISSN recommends the following sources of additional information on proper nutrition for athletes:

ISSN Exercise & Sport Nutrition Review: Research & Recommendations
Richard B Kreider, Anthony L Almada, Jose Antonio, Craig Broeder, Conrad Earnest, Mike Greenwood, Thomas Incledon, Douglas S Kalman, Susan M Kleiner, Brian Leutholtz, Lonnie M Lowery, Ron Mendel, Jeffrey R Stout, Darryn S Willoughby, Tim N Ziegenfuss
Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2004, 1:1-44 (10 May 2004)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]

International Society of Sports Nutrition position stand: protein and exercise
Bill Campbell, Richard B Kreider, Tim Ziegenfuss, Paul La Bounty, Mike Roberts, Darren Burke, Jamie Landis, Hector Lopez, Jose Antonio
Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2007, 4:8 (26 September 2007)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF] [PubMed] [Related articles] [Cited on BioMed Central]

International Society of Sports Nutrition position stand: creatine supplementation and exercise
Thomas W Buford, Richard B Kreider, Jeffrey R Stout, Mike Greenwood, Bill Campbell, Marie Spano, Tim Ziegenfuss, Hector Lopez, Jamie Landis, Jose Antonio
Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2007, 4:6 (30 August 2007)
[Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF] [PubMed] [Related articles] [Cited on BioMed Central
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